AMERICA always! Always our own feuillage! Always Floridaâ€™s green peninsula! Always the priceless delta of Louisiana! Always the cotton-fields of Alabama and Texas! Always Californiaâ€™s golden hills and hollowsâ€”and the silver mountains of New Mexico! Always soft-breathâ€™d Cuba! Always the vast slope drainâ€™d by the Southern Seaâ€”inseparable with the slopes drainâ€™d by the Eastern and Western Seas; The area the eighty-third year of These Statesâ€”the three and a half millions of square miles; The eighteen thousand miles of sea-coast and bay-coast on the mainâ€”the thirty thousand miles of river navigation, The seven millions of distinct families, and the same number of dwellingsâ€”Always these, and more, branching forth into numberless branches; Always the free range and diversity! always the continent of Democracy! Always the prairies, pastures, forests, vast cities, travelers, Kanada, the snows; Always these compact landsâ€”lands tied at the hips with the belt stringing the huge oval lakes; Always the West, with strong native personsâ€”the increasing density thereâ€”the habitans, friendly, threatening, ironical, scorning invaders; All sights, South, North, Eastâ€”all deeds, promiscuously done at all times, All characters, movements, growthsâ€”a few noticed, myriads unnoticed, Through Mannahattaâ€™s streets I walking, these things gathering; On interior rivers, by night, in the glare of pine knots, steamboats wooding up; Sunlight by day on the valley of the Susquehanna, and on the valleys of the Potomac and Rappahannock, and the valleys of the Roanoke and Delaware; In their northerly wilds, beasts of prey haunting the Adirondacks, the hillsâ€”or lapping the Saginaw waters to drink; In a lonesome inlet, a sheldrake, lost from the flock, sitting on the water, rocking silently; In farmersâ€™ barns, oxen in the stable, their harvest labor doneâ€”they rest standingâ€”they are too tired; Afar on arctic ice, the she-walrus lying drowsily, while her cubs play around; The hawk sailing where men have not yet sailâ€™dâ€”the farthest polar sea, ripply, crystalline, open, beyond the floes; White drift spooning ahead, where the ship in the tempest dashes; On solid land, what is done in cities, as the bells all strike midnight together; In primitive woods, the sounds there also soundingâ€”the howl of the wolf, the scream of the panther, and the hoarse bellow of the elk; In winter beneath the hard blue ice of Moosehead Lakeâ€”in summer visible through the clear waters, the great trout swimming; In lower latitudes, in warmer air, in the Carolinas, the large black buzzard floating slowly, high beyond the tree tops, Below, the red cedar, festoonâ€™d with tylandriaâ€”the pines and cypresses, growing out of the white sand that spreads far and flat; Rude boats descending the big Pedeeâ€”climbing plants, parasites, with colorâ€™d flowers and berries, enveloping huge trees, The waving drapery on the live oak, trailing long and low, noiselessly waved by the wind; The camp of Georgia wagoners, just after darkâ€”the supper-fires, and the cooking and eating by whites and negroes, Thirty or forty great wagonsâ€”the mules, cattle, horses, feeding from troughs, The shadows, gleams, up under the leaves of the old sycamore-treesâ€”the flamesâ€”with the black smoke from the pitch-pine, curling and rising; Southern fishermen fishingâ€”the sounds and inlets of North Carolinaâ€™s coastâ€”the shad-fishery and the herring-fisheryâ€”the large sweep-seinesâ€”the windlasses on shore workâ€™d by horsesâ€”the clearing, curing, and packing-houses; Deep in the forest, in piney woods, turpentine dropping from the incisions in the treesâ€”There are the turpentine works, There are the negroes at work, in good healthâ€”the ground in all directions is coverâ€™d with pine straw: â€”In Tennessee and Kentucky, slaves busy in the coalings, at the forge, by the furnace-blaze, or at the corn-shucking; In Virginia, the planterâ€™s son returning after a long absence, joyfully welcomâ€™d and kissâ€™d by the aged mulatto nurse; On rivers, boatmen safely moorâ€™d at night-fall, in their boats, under shelter of high banks, Some of the younger men dance to the sound of the banjo or fiddleâ€”others sit on the gunwale, smoking and talking; Late in the afternoon, the mocking-bird, the American mimic, singing in the Great Dismal Swampâ€”there are the greenish waters, the resinous odor, the plenteous moss, the cypress tree, and the juniper tree; â€”Northward, young men of Mannahattaâ€”the target company from an excursion returning home at eveningâ€”the musket-muzzles all bear bunches of flowers presented by women; Children at playâ€”or on his fatherâ€™s lap a young boy fallen asleep, (how his lips move! how he smiles in his sleep!) The scout riding on horseback over the plains west of the Mississippiâ€”he ascends a knoll and sweeps his eye around; California lifeâ€”the miner, bearded, dressâ€™d in his rude costumeâ€”the stanch California friendshipâ€”the sweet airâ€”the graves one, in passing, meets, solitary, just aside the horsepath; Down in Texas, the cotton-field, the negro-cabinsâ€”drivers driving mules or oxen before rude cartsâ€”cotton bales piled on banks and wharves; Encircling all, vast-darting, up and wide, the American Soul, with equal hemispheresâ€”one Love, one Dilation or Pride; â€”In arriere, the peace-talk with the Iroquois, the aboriginesâ€”the calumet, the pipe of good-will, arbitration, and indorsement, The sachem blowing the smoke first toward the sun and then toward the earth, The drama of the scalp-dance enacted with painted faces and guttural exclamations, The setting out of the war-partyâ€”the long and stealthy march, The single-fileâ€”the swinging hatchetsâ€”the surprise and slaughter of enemies; â€”All the acts, scenes, ways, persons, attitudes of These Statesâ€”reminiscences, all institutions, All These States, compactâ€”Every square mile of These States, without excepting a particleâ€”you alsoâ€”me also, Me pleasâ€™d, rambling in lanes and country fields, Paumanokâ€™s fields, Me, observing the spiral flight of two little yellow butterflies, shuffling between each other, ascending high in the air; The darting swallow, the destroyer of insectsâ€”the fall traveler southward, but returning northward early in the spring; The country boy at the close of the day, driving the herd of cows, and shouting to them as they loiter to browse by the road-side; The city wharfâ€”Boston, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Charleston, New Orleans, San Francisco, The departing ships, when the sailors heave at the capstan; â€”Eveningâ€”me in my roomâ€”the setting sun, The setting summer sun shining in my open window, showing the swarm of flies, suspended, balancing in the air in the centre of the room, darting athwart, up and down, casting swift shadows in specks on the opposite wall, where the shine is; The athletic American matron speaking in public to crowds of listeners; Males, females, immigrants, combinationsâ€”the copiousnessâ€”the individuality of The States, each for itselfâ€”the money-makers; Factories, machinery, the mechanical forcesâ€”the windlass, lever, pulleyâ€”All certainties, The certainty of space, increase, freedom, futurity, In space, the sporades, the scatterâ€™d islands, the starsâ€”on the firm earth, the lands, my lands; O lands! all so dear to meâ€”what you are, (whatever it is,) I become a part of that, whatever it is; Southward there, I screaming, with wings slowly flapping, with the myriads of gulls wintering along the coasts of Floridaâ€”or in Louisiana, with pelicans breeding; Otherways, there, atwixt the banks of the Arkansaw, the Rio Grande, the Nueces, the Brazos, the Tombigbee, the Red River, the Saskatchawan, or the Osage, I with the spring waters laughing and skipping and running; Northward, on the sands, on some shallow bay of Paumanok, I, with parties of snowy herons wading in the wet to seek worms and aquatic plants; Retreating, triumphantly twittering, the king-bird, from piercing the crow with its bill, for amusementâ€”And I triumphantly twittering; The migrating flock of wild geese alighting in autumn to refresh themselvesâ€”the body of the flock feedâ€”the sentinels outside move around with erect heads watching, and are from time to time relievâ€™d by other sentinelsâ€”And I feeding and taking turns with the rest; In Kanadian forests, the moose, large as an ox, cornerâ€™d by hunters, rising desperately on his hind-feet, and plunging with his fore-feet, the hoofs as sharp as knivesâ€”And I, plunging at the hunters, cornerâ€™d and desperate; In the Mannahatta, streets, piers, shipping, store-houses, and the countless workmen working in the shops, And I too of the Mannahatta, singing thereofâ€”and no less in myself than the whole of the Mannahatta in itself, Singing the song of These, my ever united landsâ€”my body no more inevitably united, part to part, and made one identity, any more than my lands are inevitably united, and made ONE IDENTITY; Nativities, climates, the grass of the great Pastoral Plains; Cities, labors, death, animals, products, war, good and evilâ€”these me, These affording, in all their particulars, endless feuillage to me and to America, how can I do less than pass the clew of the union of them, to afford the like to you? Whoever you are! how can I but offer you divine leaves, that you also be eligible as I am?
How can I but, as here, chanting, invite you for yourself to collect bouquets of the incomparable feuillage of These States?