Ho Xuan Huong (1772-1822) (read as HÃº ChÅ«nxiÄng in Mandarin) was a Vietnamese poet born at the end of the Later LÃª Dynasty who wrote poetry in chá»¯ nÃ´m. She is considered one of Vietnam's greatest poets, such that she is dubbed "the Queen of nÃ´m Poetry" by a prominent modern Vietnamese poet.
The facts of her life are difficult to obtain. Being a concubine ("like the maid/but without the pay") in a Confucian society, her works show her to be an independent-minded woman who resisted against societal norms. Her poems are usually irreverent, full of double entendres, but erudite. Her choosing to compose her works in NÃ´m instead of in classical Chinese (along with her contemporary Nguyá»…n Du) contributed to its prominence in the 18th century.